Grasses and Sedges


Carex apressa (Tall Sedge)

Carex_appressa Carex apressa

Form: Sedge to 1.5 tall by 0.8 metres wide

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Filtered Sun

Description:

Long narrow leaves.

Minute greenish-brown flower on spikes similar to foxtails.

Likes moisture & will tolerate roots in water.

Frost resistant, drought tender. 

Family: Cyperaceae

Special Features:

Good pool side plant. 
Attracts butterflies.

 


Crinum pedunculatum (Swamp Lily, River Lily)

CrinumPedunculatum420 Crinum pedunculatum

Form: Lily to 1 metre tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Part Shade

Description:

Attractive perennial, with strap-like fleshy leaves to 1m 

long & 10cm wide at base, large white scented flowers on long stems Oct-Jan.

Hardy, will grow in water & damp spots but is also drought & salt tolerant.

Family: Amaryllidaceae

Special Features:

Bush medicine: Leaves crushed and rubbed on the body to relieve pain from stings


Cymbopogon refractus (Barbed Wire Grass)

cymbopogon-refractus-1_med Barbed wire grass (Cymbopogon refractus)

cymbopogon grasses_med

Form: Grass to 1.5 metres tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Filtered Sun

Description:

Perennial tussock-forming grass.

Arching bluish-green foliage which is lemon scented when crushed.

Soft flower heads resemble barbed wire.

Hardy, grows on sand dunes and under eucalyptus trees.

Family: Cyperaceae

Special Features:

 Provides shelter to wildlife & host to Evening Brown Butterfly.


Dianella caerulea (Blue Flax Lily)

Dianella_caerulea_496a  Dianella_caerulea_191  Screen shot 2015-04-29 at 11.35.04 AM

Form: Lily to 1 metre tall by 40 cm wideSoil / Conditions: AdaptableAspect: Full sun / Filtered Sun

Description:

Tufting habit.

Beautiful blue and yellow flowers in Spring-Autumn.

Attractive purple-blue 10mm edible berries.

Family: Hemerocallidaceae

Special Features:

Bird & butterfly attracting.

Excellent garden plant for sun or shade, for borders, and as a feature plant.


Dianella congesta (Beach Flax Lily)

Dianella240 Dianella congesta Dianella congesta

 Form:  Lily to 70cm tall x 30cm wide

Soil / Conditions: Well drained

Aspect: Filtered sun /Full sun

Description:

Tufting habit, beautiful blue & yellow flowers in Spring-Autumn, followed by attractive purple-blue edible berries.

Excellent garden plant for sun or shade, for borders, and as a feature plant. 

Smaller than Dianella caerulea.

Family: Xanthorrhoeceae

Special Features:

Attracts birds & butterflies. 

 


Ficinia nodosa (Knobby Club Rush)

Screen shot 2015-04-15 at 11.24.06 AM  Ficinia nodosa

Form: Rush to 1 metre tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Description:

Perennial tufted rush with erect rigid stems.

Furry brown round seed heads. Can be used near pools or for seaside plantings and for binding sandy soils.

Rhizomatous roots & very hardy, also tolerates brackish
water.

Fast growing & drought proof.

Family: Cyperaceae

 


 

Gahnia aspera (Saw Sedge)

gahnia_aspera Gahnia aspera

Form:  Sedge to 80cm tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Filtered sun /Full sun

Description:

Tufting or tussock plant.

Common name refers to the sharp leaf edges.

Black/brown flower spike with red seeds.

Flowering Spring and Summer.

Family: Cyperaceae

Special Features:

Aborigines made flour from the seeds.

Butterfly food.

Shelter for small birds.


Gahnia sieberiana (Sword Sedge, Red-fruited Saw Sedge)

Screen shot 2015-04-22 at 10.20.36 AM 

Form: Sedge to 3 metres tall

Soil / Conditions: Moist

Aspect: Full sun

Description:

Large Sedge with hollow stem

Flower spikes to 90 cm

Cluster of flowers, Leaves, etc arising from about the same point

Leaves to 3 metres, edges saw-toothed and slightly bluish below.

Family: Cyperaceae

Special Features:

Bush food – bases chewed, and leaf buds eaten by aborigines. 

Nuts pounded to produce flour. 

Looped leaves used for gathering honey from tree hollows.

Bird attracting; known food plant of ground parrots.

Butterfly larval food

Frog habitat


Lomandra hystrix (Green Mat-Rush, Slender or Creek Mat-Rush)

lomandra-hystrix1 Lomandra hystrix

Form: Sedge to 1.5 metres tall by 1.5 metres wide

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Part Shade

Description:

Long arching dark green leaves forming large tufts.

Tiny perfumed cream flowers on spikes.

Extremely tough & hardy, drought & frost tolerant. 

Good soil binder on embankments and roadsides. 

Family: Laxmanniaceae

Special Features:

Attracts butterflies.

 


Lomandra longifolia (Local Mat-Rush)

Lomandra longifolia Lomandra longifolia

Form: Sedge to 1 metre tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Part Shade

Description:

Strap-like green-grey leaves

Spiny flower spikes with fragrant yellow or purple flowers in Spring,

brown seed.

Very hardy, drought and frost tolerant when established. 

Family: Laxmanniaceae

Special Features:

Great for erosion control on banks. 

This is the smaller local Sunshine Coast form from the coastal forests.


Patersonia sericea (Native Iris)

Patersonia_sericea_781  Patersonia sericea

Form: Small Lily to 40 cm tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable

Aspect: Full sun / Filtered Sun

Description:

Tufting lily with flat or round leaves 15- 40cm long.

Flowers late winter/early spring. 2-3 cm dark blue-purple
stunning flowers.

Cylindrical seed capsule.

Family: Apocynaceae

Special Features:

Occurs naturally in sandy heath areas.

Great small garden plant.


Philydrum lanuginosum (Frogmouth)

Philydrum2 Philydrum lanuginosum Philydrum

Form:  Water plant to 1.2 metres tall

Soil / Conditions: Wet

Aspect: Filtered sun /Full sun

Description:

Attractive erect perennial, tufting habit, long fleshy  

leaves & lovely yellow flowers on 1m spikes in Spring/ 

Winter. 

Provides food & cover for birds.

Excellent pond, dam or creek side plant.

Tolerates periodic inundation.

Family: Phylidraceae


Themeda triandra (Kangaroo Grass)

Themeda_triandra Screen shot 2015-06-13 at 8.06.16 PM

 Form:  Grass to 1 metre tall

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable/Dry

Aspect: Filtered sun /Full sun

Description:

Leaf 50cm long, flower spike to 1m with brown seeds.

Attractive long green shiny foliage.

Great drought-proof grass that loves drier sites, embankments etc.

Will grow in full sun or with dappled light.

Family: Poaceae

Special Features:

Kangaroo food.

Occurs all over Australia.

 


Xanthorrhoea macronema (Bottlebrush Grass Tree)

DSC_22970_2 Xanthorrhoea macronema

Form:  Grass tree to 1 metre tall without trunk

Soil / Conditions: Well drained/Dry

Description: 

Attractive long green shiny foliage.

Creamy-white flowers autumn to summer.

Flower spike can grow to 1.5m above foliage.

Slow growing.

Family: Xanthorrhoeceae

Special Features:  

Attracts birds & native bees.


Xanthorrhoea fulva (Wallum Grass Tree)

c218_12 Xanthorrhoea fulva

Form:  Grass tree to 2 metres tall without trunk

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable/Moist

Aspect: Full Sun

Description: 

Attractive long green shiny foliage.

Flowers late winter to spring.

Grows as a large tuft in sandy soils without a trunk.

Great for smaller gardens in a sunny position.

Flower spike still gets to 2 metres tall. 

Family: Xanthorrhoeceae

Special Features: 

Attracts birds & bees. 


Xanthorrhoea johnsonii (Forest Grass tree)

thumb_180_plant_xanthorrhoea_johnsonii_1_29 Xanthorrhoea johnsonii

Form:  Grass tree to 2 to 4 metre tall with trunk

Soil / Conditions: Well drained/Dry

Aspect: Full sun

Description:

 Attractive long green shiny foliage.

Creamy-white flowers autumn to summer.

Flower spike can grow to 2m above foliage.

Slow growing.

Family: Xanthorrhoeceae

Special Features:

Attracts birds & native bees.