Vines and Groundcovers


Canavalia  rosea (Coastal Jack Bean)

Coastal jack Fruit Canavalia rosea Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 4.37.29 PM

Form: Groundcover height 30cm and spread 1 metre.

Soil / Conditions: Sandy/ Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun

Description:

Prostrate trailing perennial vine, very fast growing
and forms a large dense mass.

Dark green foliage & pretty purplish-pink flowers Dec/Jan.

Brown seed pods 15cm long. Poisonous when mature.

Salt spray tolerant. 

Family: Fabaceae

Special Features:  

Cerulean butterfly food.


Carpobrotus glaucescens (Pigface)

Carpobrotus Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 9.38.42 AM Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 9.37.40 AM

Form:  Prostrate, spreading to 2 metres.

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Moist

Aspect: Full Sun

  •   Description:  

Creeping plant, fleshy grey/green leaves

Large pink flowers September-May.

Excellent for covering bare patches and growing over retaining walls.

 Flowers in  Spring to Autumn

Family: Aizoaceae

Special Features:  

  • Juice from fresh leaves relieves midge bites & bluebottle stings.
  • Succulent and tasty edible pink fruit (tastes like salty apples). 

Enchylaena tomentosa (Ruby Saltbush)

Source: E Anderson Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 9.24.13 AM

Form:  Shrub to 0.5 metres.  Spreads to 1 metre.

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Moist

Aspect: Full Sun

  •   Description:  

Prostrate habit.

Small (5mm) fruit, bright red when ripe.  

Grey-green succulent leaves.

Fruit goes green to yellow to red

Flowers in Spring to Summer

Family: Chenopodiaceae

Special Features:  

  • Natural Habitat: Wetlands
  • Bird attracting.  
  • Good Rockery Plant.  
  • Edible Berries.

Hardenbergia violacea (Native Sarsparilla)

hardenbergia1 hardenbergia-violacea Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 8.51.43 AM

Form:  Scrambling vine.  Spreads to 2 metres

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Moist

Description:

Scrambling or prostrate habit.

Slender stems.

Dark green patterned leaves.

Bright purple pea flowers in Winter and Spring

Family: Fabaceae

Special Features:  

  • Bird attracting.  
  • Host plant for common Grass Blue Butterfly.  
  • Hanging basket plant.
  • Aboriginal food and medicine source.  
  • Tea substitute for early settlers.

Hibbertia scandens (Climbing Guinea flower)

Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 11.15.03 AM Hibbertia_scandens_orig Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 11.21.28 AM
F
orm:  Scrambling ground cover to 3 metres.

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Moist

Aspect: Full Sun

Description:

Fast growing & far spreading  groundcover or twining  climber.

Bright green foliage & large yellow flowers in September-February.

Red fruit  &  interesting seed capsules. 

Very hardy, salt tolerant, drought resistant.

Clumps well after pruning.

 

Flowers in  Spring to Summer

Family: Dilleniaceae

Special Features:  

  • Flowers have musky smell.

Ipomoea pes-caprae (Goat’s foot vine)

Ipomoea_pes-caprae_Malaisie Ipomoea pes-caprae

Form:  Scrambling groundcover

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun/Filtered Sun

Description:

Perennial trailing vine.

Distinctive leaves shaped like a goat’s foot print.

Spectacular bright pink 5cm flowers (similar to morning glory flower) most of the year.

Very thick, waxy leaves get bigger if grown in shade.

Salt spray tolerant.

Family: Convolvulaceae

Special Features:  

  • Good dune stabilizer.

Kennedia rubicunda (Running red pea)

Screen shot 2015-04-08 at 11.30.20 AM Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 11.30.38 AM
Form:  Vine – climbing or prostrate to 2 metres

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun/Part Shade

Description:

Scrambling or prostrate plant.

Slender stems & patterned, dark green leaves.

Masses of attractive red flowers in Winter and Spring. 

 

Family: Fabaceae

Special Features:  

  • Fruit is silky, hairy pods.

Myoporum boninense (Mangrove Boobialla)


Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 9.32.54 AM  
Mangrove Boobialla  myoporum-boninense3.jpg

Form:  Shrub to 0.5 metres.  Spreads to 1 metre.

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Moist

Aspect: Full Sun

Description:

Prostrate habit.

White flowers in small clusters.

Small (8mm) purplish fruit.  

Fleshy alternate leaves.

Flowers in  Summer to Autumn

Family: Myoporaceae

 Special Features:

  • Natural Habitat: headlands and tidal creeks
  • Edible but bitter berries.  May add flavour of spices to cooking.

 


Scaevola  calendulaceae (Dune fan flower)

Screen shot 2015-04-15 at 9.21.51 AM IMG_4731 Scaveola

Form: Groundcover height 30cm and spread 1 metre.

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun

Description:

Fast growing, sprawling groundcover that forms mats.

Blue to purplish scented flowers throughout the year.

Common on the sand dunes.

Family: Fabaceae

Special Features:  

  • Small succulent dark purple fruits. Fruit are edible and may be used for making jams.

       


Stackhousia spathulata (Coast Stackhousia)

Stackhousia Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 11.26.34 AM Screen shot 2015-06-10 at 11.27.09 AM

Form:  Perennial herb 30 to 50 cm high

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun

Description:

Bright green foliage & white flowers in late winter – early spring

Flowers are aromatic. 

Flowers in  Winter and Spring.

Family: Stackhouseaceae

 

Special Features:  

  • Looks good in a pot.

 


 

Vigna marina (Yellow beach bean)

800px-Starr_010818-0012_Vigna_marina Vigna marina

Form:  Scrambling groundcover

Soil / Conditions: Adaptable / Well-drained

Aspect: Full Sun/Filtered Sun

Description:

Perennial twining or prostrate vine.

Roundish leaves and small yellow flowers most of the year.

Grows on sand dunes, but adaptable to a variety of soils.

Fast growing.

Family: Fabaceae

 

Special Features:  

Stabilises sand dunes