Trees over 6 metres

Acacia melanoxylon (Blackwood)

Acacia-melanoxylon-41-226x226 Acacia-melanoxylon-4-226x226 Screen shot 2015-06-24 at 1.36.25 PM

Acacia-melanoxylon-2-226x226 Screen shot 2015-06-24 at 1.41.51 PM

Form: 6-12m in an open sunny situation and up to 25m in rainforest

Aspect: Full sun/ Semi-shade

Soil/Conditions: Adaptable, prefers well drained soil, frost resistent

Habitat: Lowland subtropical rainforest

Description:

It is fast growing, with a soft white corky trunk

Masses of delicate pink flowers on the trunk in summer. 

Unusual coiled / twisted seed pods

Family: Mimosaceae

Special Features:

Good for Erosion Control and Revegetation

Frost Tolerant

Long invasive root run

Valuable Timber Tree

Host tree for indigenous Butterfly Larvae

Native pigeons enjoy the seeds

Aborigines used bark and twigs for fish poison as a means of fishing 

 

 

 

Acmena hemilampra (broad-leaved lilly pilly)

Acmena hemilampra 002

Acmena hemilampra

Form: Tree 8-20m tall.

Aspect: Full Sun

Soil/Conditions: Moist, well drained, tolerates salt spray

Description:

Glossy dark green leaves with red new growth,

greyish flaky trunk,

fluffy white flowers in spring and summer,

white succulent edible fruit.

Family: Myrtaceae

Natural Habitat: Rain Forest

Special Features:

Excellent feature tree or shade tree.

Planted in Birtwill St, Coolum as street tree.

 

 

 

Aliphitonia excelsa (Red Ash, Soap Tree)

Aliphitonia excelsa Aliphitonia excelsa Aliphitonia excelsa

Form: Tree to 10-18 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun/ Part shade

Conditions: Well-drained

Description:

Fast growing adaptable tree that prefers well drained soils.

Distinctively mottled trunk.

Clusters of small whitish flowers in Autumn followed by black fruits.

Leaves are white underneath.

Very hardy, grows near the sea and in hinterland areas.

Family: Rhamnaceae

Allocasuarina littoralis (Black Sheoak, Coastal Sheoak)

Allocasuarina_littoralis  Allocasuarina_littoralis1  220px-Red-tailed_Black_Cockatoo_(Calyptorhynchus_banksii)_on_Casuarina_tree

Form:   Tree 6 – 10 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun

Soil/Conditions:  Adaptable

Description:

Hardy & very fast growing, slightly pendulous branches with brown male flowers & bright red female flowers on                    separate trees.

Excellent screening tree in narrow situations (e.g. between houses and along fence lines).

Family: Casurinaceae

Special Features:

Preferred food tree of the Glossy Black Cockatoo.

 

Allocasuarina tortulosa (Forest Oak)

Allocasuarina_torulosa_3  AllocasurinaTorulosa420  220px-Red-tailed_Black_Cockatoo_(Calyptorhynchus_banksii)_on_Casuarina_tree

Form: Tree 10 to 20 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun/Filtered sun.

Soil/Conditions: Adaptable/Well-drained.

Description:

Medium to large tree in Eucalypt forests.

Corky bark and needle-like “leaves”.

Large woody seed come up to 4cm long.

A food source for the glossy black cockatoo.

Prefers soil with at least some good drainage.

Fast growing and hardy.

Family: Casuarinaceae

Special features:

Good windbreak plant.

Glossy black cockatoo feeding tree.

Male and female flowers on separate plants.

Fallen needles for plant-excluding mulch.

Aboriginal food and tool source.

 

Banksia integrifolia (Coastal Banksia)

Screen shot 2015-07-01 at 9.30.29 AM banksia integrifolia banksia integrifolia Yellow tailed black cockatoo

Form: Tree 6 to 10 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun

Soil: Adaptable/ Moist

Description:

Medium tree of variable height, smaller on dunes and windy areas.

Iconic tree of the Sunshine Coast.

Greyish-green leaves & yellow flower brushes to 15cm.

Woody seed cones remain on tree and drop seeds.

Family: Proteaceae

Special Features:

Attracts birds including Yellow-Tailed Black Cockatoo.

Salt spray resistant.

Excellent for exposed coastal sites, and as a street tree/feature tree.

.

Banksia serrata (Red Honeysuckle)

banksia-serratabanksia-serrata-flower

Banksia serrata2Banksia_serrata0

Form: Tree to 10 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun

Conditions: Adaptable

Description:

Small spreading tree with massive trunk in proportion to height.

Greyish-green leaves and yellow-greenish cream flowers.

Flower spikes to 20cm in late Winter.

Attracts birds.

Salt spray resistant.

Frost tolerant.

Family: Proteaceae

Special Features:

Bird attracting.

Bee attracting.

Screen tree.

Cockatoo and lorrikeet food tree.

 

 

Callitris columellaris(Coastal Cypress)

CallitrisColumellarisCallitrisColumellaris2Callitris columelaris3

Form: Tree 10 to 30 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun.

Soil/ Conditions: Well-drained/ Sandy

Features:

Coastal tree found on sandy soils on headlands and sand dune areas.

Straight trunk.

Fissured bark.

Small spherical woody fruit.

Dense needle-like foliage.

Very attractive long-lived medium to large tree.

Family: Cupressaceae

Special Features:

Excellent windbreak.

Termite and marine borer-resistant timber.

Aboriginal tool and medicinal source.

Resin used in medicine, paint and adhesives.

 

Casuarina equisetifolia Horse-tailed oak, Coastal Sheoak

casuarina_equisetifolia  Screen shot 2015-05-27 at 9.29.39 AM

Form:   Tree 6 – 8 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun

Soil/Conditions:  Adaptable

Description:

Graceful drooping habit, fine foliage “sings” in the breeze.

Reddish brown flowers in March-May followed by bird attracting seed pods.

Self mulching.

Tolerates S/E ocean winds.

Family: Casurinaceae

Special Features:

Good for windbreaks & dune stability.

Casuarina glauca (Swamp Oak)

Casuarina_glauca_PDB Casuarina_glauca 220px-Red-tailed_Black_Cockatoo_(Calyptorhynchus_banksii)_on_Casuarina_tree

Form: Tree 10 to 20 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun/ Filtered sun

Soil: Wet/ Adaptable

Description:

Rounded conical shape, slightly pendulous branches & needle-like foliage.

Male & female flowers on separate trees in July-Nov.

Hardy & good in salty, swampy areas.

Fast growing and self-mulching.

Family: Casuarinaceae

Special Features:

Seeds & flowers attract birds including Black Cockatoos.
.
.

Corymbia tesselaris (Moreton Bay Ash)

Corymbia tesselaris Corymbia tesselaris Corymbia tesselaris

Form: Tree to 30 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun

Conditions: Adaptable/ Well-drained

Description:

Open drooping habit.

Deciduous perennial.

Green, pendulous leaves to 18 cm.

White flowers to 15 mm in Summer.

Light brown woody capsules to 11 mm.

Family: MYRTACEAE

Special Features:

Attracts birds, especially Lorikeets.

Single white trunk with grey bark at base.

Branches widely at height.

Salt spray tolerant

 

 

Eucalyptus bancroftii 

(Bancroft’s Red Gum or Tumbledown Gum)

500x333 Euc-ban trees-001 600x600_eucalyptus bancrofti 4-001

 

 

Form: Small tree 6-8m in dry heath on sand.  Often crooked or straggly.

Aspect: Full Sun / Semi-Shade

Soil/Conditions: Coastal lowlands

Description:

Leaves alternate,  curved, leathery, 22cm x 4cm.  Aromatic when crushed.

Flowers spring and summer. Buds 1.5-2cm long.

Bark smooth, grey, dull.

Family: Myrtaceae

Natural Habitat:

Mainly found on well-drained skeletal soils on rocky hills, but also occurs on lower slopes and generally with better form

Extremely drought, frost and wind tolerant

Special Features:

Valuable wildlife habitat, providing nectar and pollen for native birds and insects

Wood is fairly durable; used for fencing and firewood

Good quality honey tree

 

 

Eucalyptus racemosa (Scribbly Gum)

scr_gum leaf  scr-gum tree

scr_gum_bark

Form: Tree 15-20m on deep sandy soil.

Aspect: Full Sun / Semi-Shade

Soil/Conditions: Coastal lowlands

Description:

Leaves alternate,  drooping blue-green, 19cm x 1.5cm. Not to be confused with Eucalyptus haemastoma, with broader and shorter leaves.

White flowers form between August and September.

Life expectancy > 100 years.

Family: Myrtaceae

Natural Habitat:

Usually on coastal lowlands, but sometimes inland and at higher altitudes.

Special Features:

Bark white, but marked with the “scribbles” of insect larvae

Attracts fauna when in flower for its nectar production. Foliage is browsed by Koalas, however not as readily as E. haemastoma. Very old trees can develop hollow logs which are utilised by a wide range of Australian fauna. Isolated plantings may fail to attract the characteristic Scribbly Gum Moth.

 

 

Glochidion sumatranum (Umbrella Cheese Tree)

Glochidion_sumatranum_RBG_Sydney  150x150_Glochidion sumatranum 3   150x150_Glochidion sumatranum 1

Form: Tree 10-15 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun

Soil/Conditions: Moist

Description:

Graceful habit, umbrella shaped canopy, attractive glossy foliage with pink new growth.

Green-yellow perfumed flowers in Oct/Dec.

Pink rounded fruit shaped like a European cheese wheel.

Very fast growing.

Excellent pioneer tree for revegetation.

Attracts Lewin’s Honeyeater.

Family: Phyllanthaceae

 

 

Hibiscus tiliaceus (Cotton Tree)

Hibiscus tiliaceus Hibiscus tiliaceus

Form: Tree to 9 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun

Conditions: Adaptable/ Well-drained

Description:

Spreading shade tree.

dense heart-shaped foliage with large bright yellow flowers to 14cm diameter in Spring.

Aboriginals used bark infusion as antiseptic & to make rope.

Salt spray tolerant, frost tender.

Adaptable, attractive ornamental tree, excellent in coastal sea-spray areas.

Very fast growing and long lived.

Tolerates brackish water.

 Family: Malvaceae

 

Livistona australis (Cabbage Tree Palm)

Livistona_australis Liv_aust_costa_pja livis_austr51_small

Form: Palm 10 to 30 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun

Soil: Adaptable

Description:

Single grey trunk.

Shiny green, fan shaped leaves to 1.8m wide & 4m long.

Creamy white flowers & black fruit.

Tolerates full sun, salt air, and a variety of soils including sand.

Family: Arecaceae

Special features:

Attracts birds & butterflies.

 

Melaleuca nodosa (Prickly-leaf Paperbark)

150x150_Melaleuca nodosa 2  Melaleuca nodosa 1  150x150_Melaleuca nodosa 3

 Form: Spreading shrub or tree to 7 metres (usually less)

Aspect: Full sun

Soil/Conditions: Adaptable

Description:

Shrub with papery layered bark, drooping stems and pointed leaves.

Masses of creamy-yellow flowers in spring and summer.

Popular screen plant for areas exposed to salt spray.

Very hardy & frost tolerant.

Important pollen source for bees.

Family: Myrtaceae

 

 

 

Melaleuca quinquenervia (Coastal Paperbark)

Screen shot 2015-07-01 at 9.10.14 AMScreen shot 2015-07-01 at 9.10.32 AMMelaleuca quinquinervia

Form: Tree up to 25 metres tall

Aspect: Full sun/ Filtered sun

Soil: Moist/ Sandy

Description:

Attractive tree with distinctive papery bark.

creamy white (sometimes red) flowers to 8cm long in Spring & Winter.

Family: Myrtaceae

Special Features:

Flowers attract birds, bats, bees & butterflies.

Aborigines used young leaves for headache & cold relief.

Excellent tree for wetter areas, shade tree.

 

 

Melicope elleryana (Pink Euodia, Corkwood)

Screen shot 2015-06-17 at 9.16.45 AMScreen shot 2015-06-17 at 9.17.49 AMUlysses

Form: 6-12m in an open sunny situation and up to 25m in rainforest

Aspect: Full sun/ Filtered sun / Frost free

Conditions: Although adaptable, they do prefer well drained soil

Habitat: lowland subtropical rainforest

Description:

It is fast growing, with a soft white corky trunk

Masses of delicate pink flowers on the trunk in summer.

An ideal shade tree for a large garden or park.

A spreading canopy of up to 4m and spreading surface roots

Branches respond well to pruning

The tree thrives if watered and fed through dry periods

Family: RUTACEAE

Special Features:

Attracts a variety of nectar feeding birds, fig birds

Attracts butterflies such as the Orchard Swallowtail butterfly.

Milled as a general use timber

.

.

Pandanus tectorius (Pandanus)

pandanusimage-300x225  pandanus-fruit-image-150x150

Form: Tree to 6-9 metres tall.

Aspect: Full sun.

Soil/Conditions: Adaptable/Well-drained.

Description:

Iconic coastal tree.

Architectural features.

Interesting prop roots, many nranches, narrow serrated leaves to 1m long.

Tiny grey flowers and very large bush tucker fruit to 40cm wide.

Leaves used to make dillybages, etc and fruit can be eathen, although causes throat irritation.

Fruit eaten by crabs and bats.

Family: Pandanaceae

 

 

Polyscias elegans (Celery Wood)

polycias elegans 001 polycias elegans 002

Form: Tree to 15m, very fast growing.

Aspect: Full Sun / Semi-Shade

Soil/Conditions: Higher rainfall areas

Description:

Pioneer species quickly filling gaps caused by vegetation disturbance.

Saplings often unbranched. Wood white, very soft and light.

Slender fast growing, celery scented timber.

Generally regarded as a rather inferior species for the production of timber.

Family: Araliaceae

Natural Habitat:

A characteristic tree of disturbed rain forest in the higher rainfall areas but also grows as a canopy tree in monsoon forest and drier rain forest

Special Features:

The fruit is eaten by a large variety of birds, including brown cuckoo dove, Australasian figbird, green catbird, Lewin’s honeyeater, olive-backed oriole, pied currawong, paradise riflebird, rose crowned fruit dove, silvereye, superb fruit dove, topknot pigeon and wompoo fruit dove.

 

 

 

 Polyalthia nitidissima (Canary Beech)

150x150_polyalthia_nitidissima_26_76_s_ 400px-Canary_Beech_001

polyalthia nitidissima

Form/Size: Tree to 18 metres

Aspect: Filtered sun.

Soil/ Conditions: Well-drained/ Adaptable.

Description:

Medium-sized tree, glossy green foliage to 13cm long.

5cm green flowers in Summer/Autumn and red oblong fruit.

Excellent tree for a larger garden that will grow well in a semi-sheltered spot.

Shade tolerant.

Family: Annonaceae

Description:

Medium-sized tree.

Glossy green foliage to 13 cm long.

5 cm green flowers in Summer/Autumn and red oblong fruit.

Excellent tree for a larger garden that will grow well in a semi-sheltered spot.

Shade tolerant.

 

 

Syzygium luehmannii (Small Leaved Lilly Pilly, Riberry)

Syzygium luehmanni Syzygium luehmannii Sygyzium luehmannii

Form: Tree to 30 metres tall. Much less in cultivation.
Aspect: Full sun/filtered sun

Soil: Adaptable
Description:

Dense weeping habit, attractive glossy dark green foliage& bright pink & red young foliage.

Lovely white fluffy flowers in Spring/Summer.

Bright red edible fruit in Dec to Jan.

Family: Myrtaceae

Special Features:

Attracts birds.

Good street or screen tree.

Can be pruned to form hedges and screens.